Notes Spin orbit interaction energy for non penetrating orbit The spin-orbit interaction energy refers to the interaction between the intrinsic angular momentum (spin) of a particle and its orbital angular momentum as it moves in a potential field, typically ...

Notes Fine structure line in the hydrogen spectrum The "fine structure" in the hydrogen spectrum refers to the splitting of spectral lines that occurs due to the interaction between the magnetic moment of the electron and the magnetic ...

Notes Importance of Mosely's law Moseley's Law is of significant importance in the field of atomic physics and chemistry for several reasons:Refinement of the Periodic Table: Moseley's work led to a refinement of ...

Notes Moseley's law "Moseley's Law" typically refers to one of two scientific principles, named after the English physicist Henry Moseley.Moseley's Law in X-ray Spectroscopy: In the context of X-ray spectroscopy, …

Notes Bound states in a coulomb field Bound states in a Coulomb field, also known as Coulomb bound states or hydrogen-like bound states, refer to the quantum mechanical solutions for particles (typically electrons) interacting with a …

Notes Dirichlet's condition Dirichlet's condition is a mathematical condition used in the study of Fourier series. Specifically, it is a sufficient condition for the convergence of a Fourier series to the function it ...

Notes Fourier series In mathematics, a Fourier series is a way to represent a periodic function as the sum of simple sine and cosine functions. It is named after Joseph Fourier, who introduced ...

Notes Grand Cannonical Ensemble Each system in the microcannonical ensemble has the same fixed energy and the same amount of particles (N, V, E). This ensemble's system is a closed, isolated thermodynamic system (because ...