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In the local election of this year the government had designated 10,756 polling stations and 21,955 polling booths for 735 local bodies. Of these, 2,946 were declared as highly sensitive and 4,423 were sensitive and 3,387 were less sensitive. (Online Radio Nepal) The government had mobilized 168,000 security personnel for the election (The Nepalese Voice). That could be good. But according to media reports, before and during the election, explosives were used in many parts of Nepal, found unattended and recovered. Here I am going to discuss only about the explosives of 20 places in the meantime. The explosives have affected 16 districts including Rupandehi, Dailekh, Surkhet, Banke, Kathmandu, Kanchanpur, Baitadi, Sunsari, Jhapa, Rukum, Humla, Kailali, Saptari, Bhaktapur, Dang and Taplejung.

The explosives were found in or around public places, especially shopping centers, business areas, around the candidate's house, forest, public land, rented house, polling station.

In nine of the 20 locations, the type of explosives was not mentioned in the news and mentioned only bombs. Socket bombs were found in six places, sutali bombs in two places and pipe, cylinder and pressure cooker bombs in one place. That means more socket bombs have been used. Which is around 30 percent. Of the 20, seven were ERW from ten years of conflict. This number is about 35 percent. Of the eight found, seven were deactivated by the Nepal Army and one was deactivated by the police in Bhaktapur. The civilians seem to be aware of the need to report any explosives found. Most of the time, they first report to the ward office or the police, the ward office informs the police, and after the police informs the army, they arrive at the site with all the prepared equipment to demine. For these tasks, the Nepal Army has more than 200 trained soldiers, deminning skills according to international standards (called International Mine Action Standards), UN-accredited troops , modern tools, deminning capabilities, information management mechanism, training according to international standards, etc.

The users of those explosives were CPN-Maoist (This group has been formed after splitting the then CPN-Maoist), Janamukti Sena Party, Himal Suraksha Parishad, Haralung Group, Congress Front of Nepal, Kirat Limbuan Ratriya Parishad, Limbuan Muktimorcha Rastriya Party and CPN (Shivadi).

The main demands of the IED users are election boycott, boycott of MCC, protest against federalism and establishment of Hindu state, establishment of regional and ethnic state, terror and looting.